U Ohn Ghine, 1953 The Botataung Pagoda  
U Thaw Kaung, 1998 Myinkaba, Bagan : Its Legends and Historic Pagodas, April 2000 Shwedagon Pagoda of Burma (Images)  
David Maurice, 1952 The Shwe Dagon Pagoda
{short description of image}
Ethel Mannin, 1955 The Shwe Dagon Pagoda {short description of image}
U Ohn Ghine, 1953 The Shway Sandaw of Prome
{short description of image}
Sitagu International Buddhist Academy, 1998 The Shwezigon Pagoda, (Nyaung Oo) {short description of image}

( 'Shwe' or 'Shway' means gold/golden)


Abeyadana paya     King Kyansittha It resembles the Nagayon. Bell-shaped stupa above the terraces

The late inscription attributes it to his chief queen. It is believed to mark the spot where Abeyadana, his wife waited for him. The frescoes represent Bodhisattvas, Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, Indra, etc.

Ananda Pahto Bagan 1091 or 1105 AD King Kyansittha Represents the Endless Wisdom of the Buddha,

Kyanzittha had probably reproduced the monuments in India of Gupta period. There are life-size statues of King Kyansittha, and Shin Arahan and two Buddha's footprints. The name is believed to originate from Pali word 'Ananta' or Ananda, the Buddha's cousin. There are 4 standing Buddha statues in Mahakaruna Mudra, 31 ft in height; 2 in the North and South are original.

Bupaya Bagan 3rd Century   The oldest in Bagan ?
Dhammayangyi Pahto Bagan 1160-65 King Narathu The finest brickwork is to be seen in this temple

Similar to the Ananda in plan.The king was assassinated by some Indians and it was never completed.; probably named after Ven Dhammaramsi who resided in the vicinity of the Pahto.

Dhammayazika Bagan 1196 King Narapatisithu Pentagonal base with a vaulted shrine on each side
The three lower terraces are adorned with Jataka plaques.
Gawdawpalin Pahto Bagan 1211 King Narapatisithu Best sun-set view
Htilominlo Pahto 1 mile to the East of Bagan towards Nyaung Oo 1211 King Nantaungmya Means Tiloka Mangala (in Mon)
Kyaik Htiyo Paya Kyaikto      
Kuthodawa Mandalay      
Kubyaukkyi temple Myinkaba 1113 Rajakumar A cave temple

There was a quadrilingual inscription about his meritorious deed of Rajakumar. It is one of the finest of the early period.

Kyauktawgyi Paya Mandalay      
Lokananda Pagoda Bagan 1059   Tall cylindrical bell, three octagonal terraces
The lower two terraces are ascended by flights of steps on four sides.
Mahabodhi Paya Bagan 13th Century   After Mahabodhi Temple in India
Mahamuni Paya Mandalay      
Manuha Paya Myinkaba 1059 AD King Manuha 31 cetis
Mingala Ceti Bagan 1268 or 1277 or 1284 King Narathihapati  

Beautiful unglazed Jataka plaques round its terraces.On the third terrace there are four larger stupas of conical shape, subsidiary corner stupas and the stairways, and tapering pinnacle abovethe bell. Building work was stopped for 6 years fearing that the country would be destroyed on completion.

Myinkaba Pagoda Bagan 10th Century before taking Thaton King Anawrahta Low round terraces, elongated bell, cylindrical in shape.
Said to have been built by Anawrahta in order to expiate the crime of killing his predecessor and half brother, Sokkade, in battle.
Nagayon Paya Bagan   King Kyansittha The pinnacle, above curvilinear roofs and square terraces.
The outer walls of the shrine and the corridor walls have niches containing stone sculptures depicting the Buddhas anterior to Gautama Buddha. There is a standing stucco image of Buddha of double life-size under the hood of a huge naga (serpent). Legend has it that the temple was built by Kyanzittha on the spot he was given protection by a naga in the course of his flight from Sawlu, his predecessor.
Nanpaya   during the reign of Narapatisithu (1173-1210)   A rectangular body

It is believed to be the residence of the captive king Manuha.

The Patothamya has a and a rectangular vaulted hall. The superstructure consists of three terraces with an ogee roof. In the corridor walls are niches enshrining stone Buddhas.
Shwedagon Pagoda Yangon(Rangoon) Between 6th-10th Century   The most sacred of all the Buddhist Shrines
Shwegugyi Pahto Bagan 1311 AD King Alaungsithu Fine stucco carvings/ Pali writings on Stone slabs.

There are fine stucco carvings. There are Pali inscription on two stone slabs.

Shwemawdaw Paya Pago(Pegu) Over 1000 years ago    

It enshrines some sacred hairs of Buddha obtained from Pago. Also known as Mahapeinne as a stone figure of Ganesh was originally placed at corners of the square terraces.

Shwesandaw Paya Bagan 1057 King Anawrahta Cylindrical bell, five receding terraces
Shwethalyaung Paya Pago(Pegu) 994 AD King Migadepa II Reclinging Buddha
Shwezigon Paya Wetkyi-in 1084-1113 King Anawratha, King Kyansittha Bell on three receding terraces and an octagonal base

It is the prototype of later Myanmar stupas. Anawrahta commenced the building but completed by Kyansittha. It enshrined sacred relics of the Buddha, collar bone, his frontlet bone and 4 teeth. Kyanzittha erected two large stone pillars inscribed in Mon. Bayinnaung or Hanthawaddy Hsinbyushin who also repaired the pagoda in the 15th century and dedicated a large bronze bell with inscriptions in Pali, Burmese and Mon in 1557

Thatbyinnyu Pahto (Sabbannu) Bagan, 500 yards from Ananda Paya 1144 King Alaungsithu A height of 201 feet

It is made up of two enormous cubes, the upper one set back above three intermediate terraces. The huge Buddha image is seated on a masonry throne in the upper cubicle.

Upali Thein- Ordination Hall Wetkyi-in near Htilo-minlo Paya 13th Century Named after Venerable Upali during the reigns of King Nantaungmya and King Kya Swa

Myanmar Pilgrimage Photos

This page at was last modified: